Ban Gioc waterfall, in China called Duc Thien-Ban Uoc waterfall (Chinese: 德 天 – 板 約; pinyin: Détiān – Bǎnyuē), is one or two waterfalls located on the Quay Son River at the border between Vietnam and China.
If seen from the bottom of the falls, the falls on the left and the western half of the right fall are under Vietnamese sovereignty in Dam Thuy commune, Trung Khanh district, Cao Bang province.
The eastern half of the right falls belongs to Chinese freedom in Duc Thien village, That Long town, Dai Tan district, Sung Ta city of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
The waterfall is about 20 km northeast of Chongqing county, about 208 km from the Nanning capital of Guangxi.
About Ban Gioc Waterfall, Cao Bang Vietnam:
In China’s view, the main waterfall and the secondary waterfall are two separate falls, the main waterfall (Duc Thien) has a width of 100 m, a depth of 60 m and a height of 70 m.
From the Vietnamese perspective, Ban Gioc waterfall includes both primary and secondary waterfalls with a total width of 208 m.
Ban Gioc waterfall is divided into two parts. The southern part is called the Cao waterfall. This is a secondary waterfall because the amount of water is not significant.
Low Falls is the principal waterfall located in the North on the Vietnam-China border.
Ban Gioc Waterfall is the fourth largest waterfall in the world in the waterfall located on a border between countries (After Iguazu Falls between Brazil – Argentina, Victoria Falls between Zambia – Zimbabwe; and Niagara Falls between Canada and the United States). ).
However, according to Xinhua News Agency, Ban Gioc waterfall is the second largest transnational waterfall in the world. Ban Gioc Waterfall is the largest natural waterfall in Southeast Asia.
Ban Gioc Waterfall is located on the flow of the Quay Son River (歸 春 河, pronounced Han Viet as “Quy Xuan Ha”).
This river originates from China, flows towards the border of the two countries, and then enters Vietnamese territory at Po Peo in Ngoc Khe commune, Trung Khanh district.
From Ngoc Khe commune, the river flows through Dinh Phong and Chi Vien communes, when it comes to Dam Thuy commune, the river winds around the foot of Co Muong mountain and then through the fields of Dam Thuy, through the cornfield on Gioc village, back borderline and then split into many branches.
The river bed there suddenly dropped to about 35 m, forming Ban Gioc waterfall. After pouring into the foot of the waterfall, the river turned completely into Chinese territory.
In the middle of the waterfall is a large mound covered with trees, splitting the river into three streams.
On sunny days, the steam spraying from the falls forms a rainbow. At the foot of the waterfall is a full surface of the river with two banks of grass and forest flats. About 5 km from the waterfall is Nguom Ngao cave, 3 km long.
In the middle of the falls is the Vietnam-China border marker. This milestone was determined through a treaty on the border between the two countries in 1999, a sign 53 built by France – Thanh.
According to the 1999 agreement, the secondary waterfall part belongs to Vietnam. The central element is divided into two halves.
What is the best time to visit Ban Gioc Waterfall?
You need to pay a little attention to see, go to the waterfall, you have to go in the rainy season, at that time, the amount of water flowing from the source will be more beautiful and shimmering.
The Cao Bang rainy season in particular and the Northern mountainous provinces, in general, are usually in the summer, from June to September.
Therefore, the choice to go to Ban Gioc this season will be more beautiful, but because of the rainy season The North often carries flash floods quite dangerous, so if you go, you should choose the time after the end of the rain period to be safe.
How to get to Ban Gioc Waterfall from Hanoi?
About 400km from Hanoi, traveling to Ban Gioc waterfall by motorbike will be an exciting choice for groups with large numbers of people, you can also combine Ha Giang or Mau Son to travel
Travel to Ban Gioc waterfall by motorbike
Going by motorbike, you also have two options. If you bring a motorbike from Hanoi you can enlist to Ban Gioc for two weekends, departing from a Friday night (but if three days is much more comfortable) according to the schedule Hanoi – Bac Kan – Cao Bang – Trung Khanh – Ban Gioc Waterfall – Cao Bang – That Khe – Lang Son – Hanoi.
If you do not want to run a motorbike from Hanoi, you can take a bus to Cao Bang City, where you can rent a motorbike in Cao Bang City and go to Ban Gioc Waterfall, then return and return the car.
Get in a car to go to Hanoi, this way is more leisurely but going that way is a bit boring.
You can send motorbikes and vehicles to Cao Bang from the evening of Friday, Saturday morning, present in Cao Bang, and then Ban Gioc, you will still follow Lang Son road quickly.
For those of you who like border landmarks
From Cao Bang, you go to Ban Gioc waterfall, to Quang Uyen there is a junction between two roads TL 206 and TL 207, these two roads connect into a circle and have a common point is Ban Gioc waterfall. In the afternoon, take the path 206, in the afternoon, from Ban Gioc waterfall, go straight along the road 207, there will be a reasonably long section along the Quay Son River and meet many Vietnam-China border landmarks.
Travel to Ban Gioc waterfall by bus
This option is suitable for those who cannot run motorcycles, especially the group of girls going together.
From Hanoi, you take a passenger bus to Cao Bang City, next from here you take Thanh Luan with the schedule of Cao Bang – Nguom Ngao Cave – Ban Gioc Waterfall, the car runs continuously from 6:30 to 15:30 with the frequency Each trip is 1 hour apart, the last trip from Ban Gioc is about 14:00 so you should pay attention.
If you do not want to transfer the car to Cao Bang City, you can take Vinh Dung bus to get to the Chongqing market, and from here, take a motorbike taxi to go to Nguom Ngao and Ban Gioc.
What is the best accommodation in Ban Gioc Waterfall?
Homestay in Ban Gioc Waterfall
Currently, in the Ban Gioc waterfall area, there is a 4-star Sai Gon – Ban Gioc resort of Saigon Tourist company.
If you can afford it, you can book a room and stay here. This resort is about 700m from the Ban Gioc waterfall, so it is quite convenient.
Ban Gioc Waterfall area now also has a lot of people providing homestay services to tourists, including accommodation and catering services.
If you come here to learn about the indigenous culture, you can choose to stay at the homestay, very reasonable.
Guesthouse in Trung Khanh, Cao Bang Vietnam
Alternatively, you can spend the night in Trung Khanh and then the next morning from here running to Ban Gioc waterfall (about more than 20km).
What to do in Ban Gioc Waterfall, Cao Bang Vietnam
Lake Thang Hen
Located in Quoc Toan Commune, Tra Linh district, Cao Bang province at thousands of meters above sea level, Thang Hen Lake is a beautiful lake among 36 large and small lakes in the mountainous region of Tra Linh district.
Located in the middle of a mountainous and green area of trees rising above the cliffs reflecting on the clear water, winding along the bottom of the valley, quarrying underground mines.
Thang Hen Lake is rhombus-shaped, ranging from 100m to 300m wide, from 500m to 1,000m long. Upstream is a large cave, from inside the cave where the water flows out day and night.
It is especially interesting when people here say that every ten years, suddenly the water of Thang Hen Lake almost runs out and after only a few days the water rises again.
And another impression is that when in the flood season, Thang Hen Lake retains its characteristic emerald green color, while the other lakes in the region turn red.
Thang Hen Lake has an exciting legend. According to folklore, once upon a time in Cao Bang, there was a young man named Sung, intelligent and handsome.
He passed the test and was rewarded with a seven-day honor to worship the ancestor.
Back home, he married her beautiful Book. Engrossed with his lovely wife, he forgot the day he returned to the mansion. Until the seventh night, he remembered, hurriedly said goodbye to his wife and parents. In the middle of the night in the desert forest, he ran 36 steps when he fell on the mountain and died. His 36 steps today are 36 large and small lakes with different names of the dialect of Tra Linh district. Legend has it that the place where he lay down is nowadays Lake Thang Hen.
Nguom Ngao Cave
Nguom Ngao Cave is located in Gun village, Dam Thuy commune, Trung Khanh district, Cao Bang province. The cave has a length of 2,144m. The cave consists of three main gates: Nguom Ngao, Nguom Lom (i.e., the wind door, which is fresh all year round), and Ban Thuon gate behind the mountain in Ban Thuon.
According to the Tay language, “nguom” is “dynamic,” “ngao,” is “tiger”; “Nguom Ngao” means tiger cave.
Nguom Ngao Cave is divided into three main areas: the Four Pillars of Heaven, the Central, and the Treasure. Nguom Ngao has a stunning beauty created by the splendid, golden stalactite layers. Colorful stalactites grow from the bottom up, from the high arches hanging down with many beautiful shapes reflecting the shimmer.
Buddhist Temple of Truc Lam Ban Gioc
Truc Lam Ban Gioc Pagoda – Cao Bang Provincial People’s Committee approved the first temple built on the northern border of the country.
In June 2013, Tich Truc Truc Lam Ban Gioc Pagoda was started at Phia Nham mountain, 500m away from Ban Gioc waterfall. Items of Tich Truc Lam Ban Gioc Buddhist pagoda, such as Tam Quan pagoda, the floor of Bodhisattva statue, Tam Bao, ancestral house … were built in the style of traditional Vietnamese Buddhist architecture.
There is also the temple of the hero Nung Tri Cao – a figure, a symbol of the 11th Century Culture in Cao Bang.
The project is built on an area of 2 hectares with an estimated budget of VND 38 billion, mainly from the social mobilization source mobilized by the Central Committee of Vietnam Buddhist Church, corporations, and benefactors.
Vietnam – China border landmark
Out of 1,971 milestones in 7 northern border provinces, Cao Bang has the most milestones (634 milestones), so it is called the province with ‘milestone strengths’.
Those who love to check-in with border landmarks can refer and combine when traveling Cao Bang. Ban Gioc waterfall area now has landmarks 835 and 836 that you can easily access to take pictures without permission like other areas (along the banks of the Quay Son River you can easily find a lot. landmark runs along this riverbank, this is a natural border between the two countries)
What to eat when traveling to Ban Gioc Waterfall?
As one of the famous tourist destinations of Cao Bang, Ban Gioc waterfall is also full of delicious Cao Bang dishes that you can enjoy during your journey.
Moreover, Ban Gioc waterfall has a special meal of Tram Huong fish. This is an important fish species in the waterfall.
Before the foot of the waterfall, there are many frankincense fish. People easily catch and sell a lot at the Trung Khanh market. But today, this fish is becoming less and less of a specialty.
Called frankincense fish because this fish often eat roots, rotten leaves of frankincense trees growing along the Quay Son and Bac Vong rivers.
Therefore, they are tastier than many other fish when you can feel the bass.
The best dish from frankincense is grilled, because it retains the taste of the fish, making gourmets admire.
Fish caught from the river, cleaned, cut the stomach, and stuffed a few more vegetables, spices such as onions, dill, chili … inside, wrapped with banana leaves and put on the charcoal grill.
When ripe, fish radiate aroma. Remove the piece of fish with a bit of pure fish sauce, feel the aromatic, ecstatic, subtle taste that will make you remember forever.
Some great itineraries I would like to recommend for you in Ban Gioc Waterfall
Hanoi – Ba Be – Cao Bang – Ban Gioc
From this schedule, you go from Hanoi in the direction of National Highway 3 to Thai Nguyen Bac Can, stop by Ba Be Lake, run through Wind Pass, Deo Giang, and then to Cao Bang City.
Day 1: Hanoi – Ba Be
From Hanoi depart for Bac Kan and stop at Ba Be, along the way. If you want you can visit some tourist destinations in Thai Nguyen. Evening sleep in Ba Be can choose at the homestay in Pac Ngoi village
Day 2: Ba Be – Cao Bang City – Pac Bo – Cao Bang City
In the morning, from Ba Be, you depart to Cao Bang City, where you can choose a place to spend the night, refer to the list of motels in Cao Bang City and leave things at the hotel. From here continue to Pac Bo, after visiting, come back to Cao Bang City.
Day 3: Cao Bang City – Chongqing – Ban Gioc Waterfall
From Cao Bang City go straight to Ban Gioc Waterfall, you can stop by Ta Lung border gate and visit some border landmarks in Cao Bang. Then go up to Chongqing to visit Nguom Ngao cave, Truc Lam Zen Monastery, and then to Ban Gioc Waterfall. Afternoon from here back to Cao Bang City to rest.
Day 4: Chongqing – Cao Bang – Hanoi
This day departs soon from Cao Bang City to Hanoi
Hanoi – Mau Son – Ban Gioc – Ba Be – Hanoi
This schedule combines traveling to Lang Son and then through Cao Bang, will return to Hanoi via Bac Kan – Thai Nguyen, forming a circular arc
Day 1: Hanoi – Lang Son – Mau Son
The first day, starting from Hanoi, you follow Lang Son and then continue to Mau Son peak, sleep at Mau Son at night.
Day 2: Mau Son – That Khe – Tp Cao Bang – Chongqing
In the morning, you can spend some time to explore Mau Son peak, then from Mau Son to Dong Dang and then That Khe to Cao Bang. Along this road, there are some tourist destinations in Lang Son, such as Thuy Mon Dinh Beer, Huu Nghi border gate, Dong Dang Mau Temple that you can arrange to visit. Through Cao Bang, go straight to Chongqing to go to Ban Gioc the next day for convenience.
Day 3: Chongqing – Ban Gioc Waterfall – Nguom Ngao Cave – Cao Bang City – Highway 3 – Ho Ba Be
On this day, you will go to Ban Gioc Waterfall, Nguom Ngao Cave, some nearby tourist sites, and then head back in the afternoon to go back to National Highway 3 to Ba Be, sleep at night at Ba Be.
Day 4: Ba Be – Hanoi
Spend about half a day exploring Ba Be then from here back to Hanoi
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