Rice fields in Ninh Binh

Guide to visit Ninh Binh, Vietnam | The Definitive Guide

by Giang A Sinh

This is a travel guide to visit Ninh Binh.

Ninh Binh is located in the southernmost region of the Red River Delta, which is a place to economic and cultural exchanges between the Red River basin and the Ma river basin, between the Northern delta region and Northwestern mountainous region of the country.

Coming to Ninh Binh, tourists cannot be surprised by the beauty of Hoa Lu ancient capital, or the majesty of Phat Diem stone church, and Visitors can freely explore the natural surprises in the cave area.

Thai Trang An, Tam Coc – Bich Dong … That is not to mention the entire natural world preserved in the ancient forest Cuc Phuong or the unique, exotic, rich flora and fauna of Van Long wetland nature reserve, or take a bath in Kenh Ga hot mineral water …

If you're interested in a particular topic, feel free to jump ahead:

Introduction about Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh is located at the boundary of 3 geographical areas: the Northwest, the Red River Delta, and the North Central Coast.

The province is also located between three economic regions: Hanoi, the northern coastal region, and the central coastal region.

Guide to visit Ninh Binh - Source Wikipedia
Guide to visit Ninh Binh

 Ninh Binh is located in the center of the north half of Vietnam, the province area from Thua Thien Hue to the North.

Ninh Binh is a province with various and diverse tourism potentials with many world heritage titles and the world biosphere reserve recognized by UNESCO.

This place is located at the southernmost gateway of the triangle of the Red River Delta, and the North, where there are many landscapes associated with the land is the capital of Vietnam in the 10th century, with 1,500 relics of all kinds.

Through documents of the Institute of History and researchers have been found in the history – place name and the official name of Ninh Binh officially dating from 1822 (the third Ming Dynasty year).

Before the name and place of Ninh Binh, this place was an ancient land inhabited by humans very early from the Paleolithic era but the traces left in Thung Lang vestiges (Tam Diep) dating back.

Three thousand years in Dang Dang cave (Cuc Phuong) 7000 – 8000 years ago. When Dinh Bo Linh finished the 12 lands and unified the country, he established the Dinh dynasty (968-980) and set up a capital in Hoa Lu.

This land was called Dai Hoang of Dai Co Viet.

Experiencing historical until the Nguyen Dynasty, this land was officially named Ninh Binh. During the nearly two-century journey, Ninh Binh has at least had more than 20 times of changes in administrative units, boundaries, and names.

Still, the barriers and names remain the same. As currently (except for 16 years of consolidation in Ha Nam Ninh province, but the town is still named Ninh Binh).

Because it is located at the intersection of three regions, it has created a relatively dynamic Ninh Binh culture, developed based on the Red River civilization.

This is an ancient alluvial land along the foot of the mountain where people lived very early.

Archaeologists have discovered sedimentary bones of orangutans and terrestrial animals in Ba Mountain (Tam Diep) and some other caves of the Stone Age period of Trang An Culture, Nguoi Xua cave (Cuc Phuong) and some caves in Tam Diep, Nho Quan have the residence of people in Hoa Binh culture.

After the period of Hoa Binh culture, the coastal plain of Ninh Binh was the settlement of the Neolithic people of Vietnam.

Thung Nang Ninh Binh – Photo; trangandanhthang
Thung Nang Ninh Binh – Photo; trangandanhthang

 The site of Dong Vuon (Yen Mo) has been dated later than the location of Go Trung.

 Ancient inhabitants of Dong Vu relic have grown to ancient inhabitants of Man Bac (Yen Thanh, Yen Mo) in the bronze culture period from the end of Phung Nguyen to the beginning of Dong Dau.

Ninh Binh is home to many archaeological relics of the cultural periods of Trang An, Hoa Binh, Bac Son, Da But, and Dong Son.

The ancient land of Ninh Binh was the capital of Vietnam in the period of 968 – 1010 with three dynasties of Dinh, Tien Le, and Tien Ly, and it was also an important military area through historical periods.

Currently, with a unique position in terms of transportation, topography, cultural history, and owning two areas: the world heritage site and the world biosphere reserve area, Ninh Binh is now a tourist destination. Productive potential and diversity.

What is the best time to see Ninh Binh? Guide to visit Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh is located in the humid subtropical climate: hot and humid summers, heavy rain from May to September; dry winter from November last year to 3-4 months, October is spring and autumn. Some reasonable times for you to travel to Ninh Binh are:

• It is possible to go to Ninh Binh around April, the weather is relatively dry now, no longer uncomfortable heat and humidity early in the North.

• Around 1-3 months of the lunar calendar every year is the Bai Dinh pagoda festival, you can combine the ceremony and explore Ninh Binh on this occasion.

• The traditional festival of Hoa Lu ancient capital (also known as Truong Yen or Co Lau festival) takes place on 8-10 March of the lunar calendar every year.

• Late May, early June is the ripe rice season of Ninh Binh.

How to get from Hanoi to Ninh Binh?

The Road from Hanoi to Ninh Binh

Duong Cao toc tu Hanoi di Ninh Binh – Photo; online-min
Duong Cao toc tu Hanoi di Ninh Binh – Photo; online-min

Ninh Binh is an important intersection, with nine national highways (including 6 starting national highways and three passing national highways) spread over all districts, cities, and towns in the province so convenient means The most advantageous way to come to Ninh Binh is through the road transport system.

Public bus from Hanoi to Ninh Binh

The bus routes to Ninh Binh from Hanoi start at Giap Bat bus station and end at the central bus station of Ninh Binh.

Because Ninh Binh City is also located on the National Highway 1A, in addition to these routes, you can use any other way from Hanoi to the Central or Southern provinces (please select the bus routes: Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Ha Tinh … because these routes are numerous, running quite continuously)

Private vehicles from Hanoi to Ninh Binh

If using a car, from Hanoi you can take the Phap Van – Cau Gie – Ninh Binh highway, with a distance of about 90km, it takes about 1 hour you will reach the center of Ninh Binh City, From here go to tourist destinations in the province not more than 30km.

If using a motorbike, from Hanoi, you follow the old National Road 1A and pass through Ha Nam and then follow Ninh Binh – Thanh Hoa.

Take care not to go to the wrong direction of Nam Dinh – Thai Binh.

Train from Hanoi to Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh has the urban axis of Tam Diep – Ninh Binh, located on the North-South railway. There are Ninh Binh, Cau Yen, Ghenh, and Dong Giao stations in the province. Therefore, whether you are in the South or the North can quickly come to Ninh Binh by Thong Nhat train.

Train From Hanoi to Ninh Binh – Photo; alltour
Train From Hanoi to Ninh Binh – Photo; alltour

From Hanoi, there are SE1 trains (19:30) to Ninh Binh at 21h46, SE3 trains (22:00) to Ninh Binh at 010am, SE5 trains (9:00 am) to Ninh Binh at 11:21 am, SE7 trains (6:00 am) to Ninh Binh at 8:22 pm and SE19 train (20h05) to Ninh Binh at about 23h.

If departing from Saigon, the trains come to Ninh Binh mostly at the late hour, the only suitable train that you should take is SE8 departing from Saigon Station at 6:00 and arriving in Ninh Binh at 13:15 day after.

Get around in Ninh Binh with a nice and fun driver.


This is popular and easy-to-find transportation, especially with large groups of friends or families with children and the elderly. You can agree on a price to go by turn with a taxi driver. Some popular taxi companies in Ninh Binh:

Taxi Ninh Binh 0229 3633788

Mai Linh Taxi 0229 6252525 – 0229 6251888

Taxi Minh Long 0229 3881122

Taxi Xuan Thanh 0229 3686868

Taxi Thuy Duong 0229 3727272

Taxi Hoa Lu 0229 2211444


Best bus from Hanoi to Ha Giang

Currently, in Ninh Binh, there are some bus routes opened to serve the travel needs of local people (and a part of tourists), but not very convenient because these buses do not have many routes.

Tourist destinations in the province, if you have small and free luggage, you can try to explore Ninh Binh by this type of means.

Rent a motorbike in Ninh Binh

Motorbike for Rent in Ninh Binh – Photo; Sayhi-min
Motorbike for Rent in Ninh Binh – Photo; Sayhi

Vehicle type suitable for young people by initiative and comfort. Ninh Binh currently has several motorbike rental locations that you can choose. With this type of vehicle, you will be more comfortable to schedule and travel to tourist destinations in the province.

Where To Stay in Ninh Binh?

Ninh Binh has a system of hotels and motels ranging from luxury hotels, international standards, resorts to a group, individual and homestay facilities close to nature.

Stay at resorts in Ninh Binh

The best accommodation in Ninh Binh
The best accommodation in Ninh Binh

After a long and tiring day as the Ninh Binh travel journey seems to be endless, if you really want to relax and enjoy or you want to find a place to relax with your family on weekends, do not Skip the resorts in Ninh Binh offline. With special favor from nature, Ninh Binh has many beautiful resorts.

Stay at hotels and guest houses in Ninh Binh

The most popular form of accommodation in Ninh Binh, in any tourist destination, you can easily find a hotel or motel with different room rates, suitable for your own needs.

Stay at a homestay in Ninh Binh

Since 2005, Ninh Binh has started to introduce a community-based tourism model to exploit, visitors who come to visit the rural landscapes can also experience daily activities with indigenous people such as shopping, cooking, grinding rice, pounding rice, sleeping in old houses … Along with the healthy development of tourist scale, homestays in Ninh Binh have also been invested in building to promote more diversity in tourism in Ninh Binh.

Top 34 best places to visit in in Ninh Binh

Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phuong National park – Photo; kenhthoitiet-min
Cuc Phuong National park – Photo; kenhthoitiet

Cuc Phuong National Park (or Cuc Phuong forest) is a nature reserve, a special-use forest located on the boundary of three regions of the Northwest, Red River Delta, and North Central Coast of three provinces: Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa.

This national park has a diverse flora and fauna system featuring tropical rainforests.

 Many highly endangered plant and animal species have been discovered and preserved here.

 This is also the first national park in Vietnam.

Trang An eco-tourism area

Trinh Temple

Den Trinh – Photo; Viettravel-min
Den Trinh – Photo; Viettravel

Trinh Temple is the place to worship 4 Dinh gods who are Ta Thanh Tru and 2 Huu Thanh Tru. In their reign, they were Supervisors of the General.

Legend has it that when Emperor Dinh Tien Hoang died, and the court was in turmoil, they hid Dinh Toan here to avoid Le Hoan’s pursuit.

When Empress Duong Van Nga handed down the cloak to give the throne to Le Hoan, the men did not surrender and thrive in this area. The people built the Phu temple on the side of the mountain to worship them.

Tu Tru Temple

Tu Tru Temple is located next to Trinh temple, which is a relic of the four high mandarins of the Dinh dynasty, including Prime Minister Nguyen Bac, Foreign Minister Dinh Dien, Thai Su Luu Co, and Thuong Trinh Trinh Tu.

The book Dai Nam Quoc ca Dien, as well as folk poetry, often refers to the four pillars of “Bac, Dien, Co, Tu,” meaning four pillars of the Dinh dynasty.

Four components are four close officials, the same homeland and the same age as Emperor Dinh Tien, who helped King Dinh to rebel 12 warlords and unify the country.

The princes Nguyen Bac, Dinh Dien, Trinh Tu, and Luu Co are worshiped in many places, especially in Ha Nam – Nam Dinh – Ninh Binh.

Tran Ninh Binh Temple

King Dinh Tien Hoang built Tran Ninh Binh Temple at the same time as Hung Temple, later King Tran Thai Tong came here to establish Vu Lam palace to continue improving the surface, so it was called Tran temple.

Tran Temple is the place to worship Quy Minh, the god of the southern gate of Hoa Lu, in the four towns.

The temple is also called Noi Lam temple (temple in the forest). Tran Noi Lam Temple, along with Vu Lam and Van Lam, became Tam Lam during the Tran Dynasty.

Phu Kong

Phu Khong lies on a narrow strip of land, with its back resting on the Khong cave, on the right is an upright rocky mountain range, in front of an immense valley of water.

Phu Khong is the place to worship seven loyal officials of the Dinh dynasty, associated with the legends when Dinh Tien Hoang died.

Phu Khong – Photo; yeudulich
Phu Khong – Photo; yeudulich

Seven officials in the court brought many coffins buried in the directions and then committed suicide to keep secrets about the real tomb.

A general guarding the south city was extremely grateful to the spirit of the seven loyal deities who immediately set up incense sticks to worship here.

After the general’s death, the people in the area set up a temple and planted an olive tree in front of the palace to commemorate the gods. The thousand-year-old tree has two kinds of fruit: 1 round and one flat.

Onions supply Vu Lam

Vu Lam Cung Cung tourist area is located deep in the mountainous area of ​​Trang An World Heritage Site, on the way here, you will be able to sit on the traditional boats driven by the locals.

The closes connection with nature, feeling the pure beauty and splendor of caves, strange stones, and returning to the golden color of national history in the process of building and defending the country.

Operating supply Vu Lam – Photo; dulichninhbinh
Operating supply Vu Lam – Photo; dulichninhbinh

The Vu Lam supply center worships the Tran king. Under the Tran dynasty, there was the name Truong Han Sieu, the original man was from Ninh Binh, he was a famous artist of the Tran dynasty, and a valuable guest of Tran Hung Dao.

Truong Han Sieu was strong-willed, learned well, and had great achievements in the second and third resistance wars against Nguyen Mong.

During the period when King Tran Nhan Tong returned to this area to practice spiritually, then the god Truong Han Sieu also retreated to retreat and established his practice in his native Ninh Binh. Therefore, Truong Han Sieu is also worshiped in this relic site.

Cao Son Temple

Cao Son Temple is dedicated to Cao Son in Tay Hoa Lu, a small town.

 According to the genealogy of Cao Son temples in Ninh Binh, Cao Son is King Lac Lac Vu Lam (i.e., the mountains in the western area of ​​Ninh Binh today, so it is also called the god of the west of Hoa Lu district town), the 17th son, King Lac Long Quan, when obeying his orders (the first Hung Vuong), patrolling from Nam Linh area to Thien Duong area, found a species of tree-trunk with flour used to make rice flour instead of rice, giving his name to the tree is Quang lang (local people still call it lang or basil).

 God taught and helped people to earn their living and protect from destructive forces, so people built many temples.

Suoi Tien Temple

Suoi Tien – Photo; Vietnamplus
Suoi Tien – Photo; Vietnamplus

Suoi Tien Temple is located in the upstream of the Ngo Dong River. An extension of the Tam Coc tourist route but is connected in the second tourism route in Trang An Ecological Tourist Area. The temple is dedicated to the god Quy Minh in Nam Hoa Lu quarter town.

Dia Linh cave

Dia Linh Cave is about 1500m long and is the first cave on the journey originating from the Sao Khe river wharf to visit route 1. The cave is also known as Chau Boi cave because when visitors come here, visitors will feel lost in the treasure of fossil stalactites.

Coming out of the cave entrance is a charming landscape painted with clouds, mountains, and rivers. The cave is 260 m long, with lots of miraculous drooping stalactites.

Wine Cavern

Ninh Binh Cooking cave
Ninh Binh’s wine Cooking cave

In the Boiling Wine cave, there is underground water more than 10m deep. It is said that the ancestors came here to get water to cook wine to the King.

Three Drops Cave (Ba Giot)

Hang Ba Giọt – Photo;vnexpress-min
Hang Ba Giọt – Photo;vnexpress-min

Ba Giot cave has many stalactites with all colors appearing. There is a type called hibiscus that grows from the ceiling upside down.

 A unique feature is that the stalactites in Ba Giot cave are not as dry as previous caves but wet and continue to transform, forming new shapes and shades …

Sinh Cave, Si Cave, and Ba Giot Cave are associated with the legend of a sad love story.

 Once upon a time, the dude loved the princess very much. When he took the ceremony and came to Sinh cave to propose, she was paid tribute to her neighbor. He went to the cave, Three drops of the shower then hugged his love in Si cave.

Legend has it that anyone who went through Ba Gioc cave and received three drops of water from a small stalactite into his palm will be blessed in life and happy in love.

Boi Cave

Bói Cave is a valuable archaeological site in the world heritage complex of Trang An.

The entrance to the cave is deep and dense, with many species of trees growing thickly, the sunlight cannot reach the ground, so the path is covered with moss and leaves.

The Boi cave was discovered in 2002. At that time, the cave had many mollusk shells, animal bones, and a few stripped pieces, the evidence showing the old imprint of the Hoa Binh Culture early about ten thousand years ago.

 Researchers agreed to name the Boi cave because it was in the valley of the Boi of the legend of the mandarin of the Tran dynasty once used to fortune here.

Kong: Skull Island’ studio

Phim Trường Kong Skull Island – Photo; thegioishowbiz
Phim Trường Kong Skull Island – Photo; thegioishowbiz

Kong: Skull Island is an American blockbuster film that was shot in 2016 with many scenes in Vietnam’s landscapes such as Trang An World Heritage Site, Van Long Nature Reserve, Tam Coc – Bich Dong (Ninh Binh); Ha Long Bay (Quang Ninh) and Phong Nha (Quang Binh).

The Aboriginal village film studio was restored to an area of ​​about 10 hectares, including 36 spire huts with the participation of more than 50 Aboriginal people.

This is a model implemented by Trang An ecological management board and Xuan Truong enterprise.

 The aboriginal village setting in Kong: Skull Island in Trang An tourist area has been open to visitors since April 15, 2017.

Hoa Lu ancient capital

Hoa Lu ancient capital is a particularly crucial national monument complex of Vietnam and one of the four core areas of Trang An, a world heritage site recognized by UNESCO.

 The system of monuments in Hoa Lu is related to the career of historical figures from the three dynasties of the Dinh and Tien Le dynasties and the beginning of the Ly dynasty, from Dinh Tien Hoang to Ly Thai Tong in history.

 Hoa Lu was the first capital of the central feudal state in Vietnam with historical marks: unifying the Jiangshan, beating the Song – squashing Chiem, and developing the process of Hanoi’s capitalization.

 In 1010, King Ly Thai To moved the capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh) to Thang Long (Hanoi), Hoa Lu became the ancient capital.

Temple of King Dinh

King Dinh Tien Hoang Temple is an important relic in the special protection area of ​​Hoa Lu ancient heritage.

The temple is located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh. The location of the temple is in the center of the East of the ancient capital Hoa Lu.

This is the only place in Vietnam to worship King Dinh Tien Hoang at the same time, his parents and his sons, and have a tablet worshiping the Dinh dynasty generals.

King Dinh Temple and King Le Temple are ranked “Top 100 famous 100-year-old buildings in Vietnam”. Like other monuments belonging to Hoa Lu ancient capital, King Dinh temple is located in Trang A world heritage site recognized by UNESCO in 2014.

King Dinh Temple was built in the style of foreign, the central axis of the east. In front of the temple is Mount Ma Yen shaped like a saddle, on the mountain is the tomb of King Dinh Tien Hoang.

 Temple of King Dinh was built on the base of the ancient Hoa Lu palace. Around this area, archaeologists have unearthed an array of the brickyard with lotus motifs and phoenix pairing.

On the bricks, there were the words “Dai Viet Quoc Quan Thanh chuyen” and “Giang Tay Quan”; prove that these are bricks of the Dinh – Le period.

Temple of King Le

Đền thờ Vua Lê – photo; wikimedia-min
Đền thờ Vua Lê – photo; wikimedia

King Le Dai Hanh Temple is a national cultural and historical relic belonging to Hoa Lu’s ancient capital particular area in Ninh Binh province.

 The temple worships King Le Dai Hanh, Queen Duong Van Nga, and Le Long Dinh, in addition to the tablet of Princess Le Thi Phat Ngan and General Pham Cu Luong.

The temple is located 300 meters from Dinh Tien Hoang temple, belonging to the ancient capital of Hoa Lu ancient capital, now it is Yen Thanh old village, Truong Yen commune, Ninh Binh.

King Le temple is smaller than the Dinh temple, so the space in the temple is quite close and magical.

Bai Dinh Pagoda

Chùa Bái Đính – Photo; tourghepdoanmienbac-min
Chùa Bái Đính – Photo; tourghepdoanmienbac

Bai Dinh tourist area is a large temple complex known for many Asian and Vietnamese records, located at the western gateway of Hoa Lu ancient monument, on National Highway 38B, in Gia Sinh commune, Gia Vien, Ninh Bình, 15 km from Ninh Bình city, 95 km from Hà Nội.

Bai Dinh Pagoda is located in the north of the world heritage site Trang An. The wide of Bai Dinh pagoda currently covers an area of ​​1700 ha, including 27 ha of the old Bai Dinh pagoda, 80 ha of the new Bai Dinh pagoda, areas such as cultural parks and Buddhist institutes, reception areas, and parks.

The landscape, roads and parking, Dam Thi lake area, release lake … is still being built and expanded.

Van Long tourist area

Van Long is the largest wetland nature reserve in the Northern Delta. This reserve is located in the northeast of Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh province.

 Van Long was put into operation in 1998 and is now a key tourist destination of the Vietnam National, which owns two records of the Vietnam Record Book Center in 2010: the highest number of individual langurs, “and” The place with the largest natural picture “.

 In 1999, it became a nature reserve, listed in the list of wetland protected areas and the list of special-use forests in Vietnam.

Not only is the nature reserve, but Van Long wetland is also home to fascinating landscapes.

 Van Long was dubbed the “waves without waves” because when traveling on boats on the lagoon, visitors will see the water surface as a giant mirror.

The ink painting reflects each active feature of the limestone blocks with the correct shape with names such as Meo Cao Mountain, Mam Xoi mountain, Ho Sach Mountain, Da Ban Mountain, Nghien mountain, MoCo mountain, mountain Co Tiên …

However, the surface of the water here is not the blue of the sea, but the transparent layers of moss on the bottom.

Tam Coc – Bich Dong tourist area

Tam Coc – Bich Dong, also known by famous names such as “Ha Long Bay on land” or “Nam Thien De Dong Dong”, is a key national tourist area of ​​Vietnam.

The whole area includes a system of limestone caves and historical relics related to the Vu Lam palace of the Tran dynasty located mainly in Ninh Hai, Hoa Lu and Ninh Binh communes.

The Trang An – Tam Coc landscape complex is classified as a special national monument and has been ranked as a world heritage site by UNESCO.

Mua Cave

Mua Cave is located at the foot of Mua Mountain in the ecotourism community in Khe Dau Ha village, Ninh Xuan, Hoa Lu, and Ninh Binh communes.

The highlight of this tourist destination, in addition to the beautiful scenery, is the road leading to the top of Mua Mountain, built by the Great Wall of China architecture with nearly 500 stone steps.

From the top of Dance Mountain, visitors can admire the whole beautiful scenery of the Tam Coc area, a famous scenic spot in Ninh Binh. According to legend, when King Tran returned to Hoa Lu, Am Thai Vi often came here to listen to beautiful women and sing and dance. Therefore, this place is named Mua Cave.

Thung Nham Bird Park

Thung Nham Bird Park – Photo; 8travel
Thung Nham Bird Park – Photo; 8travel

Thung Nham ecotourism area is one of the tourist destinations in the core area of ​​Trang An’s world heritage site.

This tourist area is located in the Hai Nham valley, with the main highlight is the Natural Bird garden and the typical cave tourist attractions such as Gioi Gioi cave, Tien Ca cave, Thuy cave, But cave, …

Thach Bich – Thung Nang

From Thach Bich wharf, a 3km long waterway is flanked by murmuring rice fields and mountains, beneath the bright, clear water, rich and vivid flora and fauna.

Thung Nang belongs to Dam Khe village, Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district. This place is exactly like its name, the sunshine shines everywhere, from the branches of leaves, thatched roofs along the coast, down to the bottom of the water to create a brilliant and peaceful scene.

Thung Nang Valley is divided into Thung Nang Valley with 5 ha inside and the outer Thung Nang Valley with more than 3 hectares, connected by the cave system that flows in the mountains, low cave ceilings, stalactites hanging down with different shapes.

Phat Diem stone church

Phat Diem Cathedral – Photo; tongcucdulich
Phat Diem Cathedral – Photo; tongcucdulich

Phat Diem Cathedral (often called Phat Diem Stone Church) is a 22-hectare Catholic church complex, located in Phat Diem town, Kim Son district.

This is a large project, is the cathedral of Phat Diem diocese in northern Vietnam. The church is built entirely of stone and wood.

Phat Diem Church was started in 1875 and was completed in 1898.

 The unique feature of this project is that: although it is a Catholic church, it is modeled after the traditional architecture of Vietnamese temples.

This architectural complex was presided over gradually built by Father Peter Tran Luc (also known as Old Six) – a priest in Phat Diem Diocese since 1865) and Catholic Catholics for over 30 years.

Kenh Ga Van Trinh tourist area

ang Noi Kenh Ga – photo; etimedanviet-min
ang Noi Kenh Ga – photo; etimedanviet-min

Kenh Ga – Van Trinh tourist area is one of the largest tourist areas in Ninh Binh. This tourist area is located in the flood diversion area of ​​Hoang Long River, bordering on Gia Vien and Nho Quan districts formed based on investing and connecting two famous tourist spots, Kenh Ga hot spring, and Van Trinh cave.

This natural ecological area has a blend of natural landscapes of rivers, mountains, lakes, and fields, so it is very convenient for tourism development.

Kenh Ga Van Trinh tourist area

Kenh Ga Hot Spring is located in Kenh Ga, Gia Thinh, and Gia Vien. The stream flows from the heart of a mountain situated in Kenh Ga floating village and flows into the Hoang Long river tributary.

 It is a well-known mineral spring, high in trichloride salts, kalicloride, calcite chloride, magiecloride, and bicarbonate salts.

 The water in the stream is colorless, odorless, slightly acrid, and has a stable temperature of 53 ° C.

Khoáng nóng Kênh Gà river

Kenh Ga Hot Spring is located in Kenh Ga, Gia Thinh, and Gia Vien. The stream flows from the heart of a mountain situated in Kenh Ga floating village and flows into the Hoang Long river tributary.

It is a well-known mineral spring, high in trichloride salts, kalicloride, calcite chloride, and bicarbonate salts. The water in the stream is colorless, odorless, slightly acrid, and has a stable temperature of 53 ° C.

Kenh Ga floating village

Kenh Ga confluence is the confluence between Boi and Lang rivers into Hoang Long river.

This place is called Vong Am because the weather is always warm, where the gathering of many species of fish and aquatic creatures. Here has formed a fishing village called Kenh Ga.

To get to Kenh Ga stream, visitors have to take a boat through Hoang Long river tributaries to Kenh Ga floating village.

This is a remote village in the limestone area of ​​the Gia Vien lowland, Ninh Binh. The Hoang Long river system surrounds the town.

Farming in Kenh Ga village, as well as other neighboring communities in the low-lying fields, has only one crop.

But because the area is outside the dike of the Hoang Long River, it depends entirely on nature. When the flood season comes early, the whole astrology can be lost.

 The rainy season is also an exciting time for the fishing season on the river. Residents of Kenh Ga village reside in the mountains from Dau Coc to Kenh Ga confluence.

Kenh Ga village consists of Lo, Da Bia, Vuon Dau, Kenh Ga, and Lo Bo neighbors.

The total population of Kenh Ga village is nearly 3,000 people, due to the livelihoods, the residents are not in clusters. Still, the houses are scattered all over the Hoang Long river alluvial ground.

There are residences located in other local lands. Such as Vuon Dau village in Gia Phu commune; Xom Lo and Da Bia are areas of Duc Long commune, Nho Quan district.

The end of Kenh Ga village is the land of Gia Minh commune. Kenh Ga village is still only a resident of the municipalities.

Kenh Ga Village has the advantage of being on a boat landing, the villagers are very fluent in the river or operating small boats, which is very suitable for eco-tourism.

The legend is called Kenh Ga because on the mountain, here is a rock protruding like a rooster.

Kenh Ga floating village is surrounded by winding rivers forming two junctions close to each other about 300m apart, which is the Strawberry Garden fork and Kenh Ga intersection.

 The area outside the Hoang Long dike is an ecological area. The rainy season here is like a vast swamp.

The mountains seem to be immersed in the sea and isolated into small green islands.

Kenh Ga floating village in the future may be a famous tourist and eco-tourism destination of Ninh Binh.

Van Trinh Cave

Van Trinh Cave is one of the most beautiful caves in Ninh Binh. The cave is located in Mo mountain in Thuong Hoa commune, Nho Quan district.

The cave is located in a mountain higher than a hundred meters. The cave entrance is halfway up the mountain, about 40 m above the ground.

Tourists visiting the cave will take a boat from Hoang Long river wharf. From Ninh Binh city, you can go to the cave along the axis of Trang An Boulevard from Ky Lan Lake through Trang An ecotourism site, Bai Dinh pagoda, to Hoang Long river dike to the cave.

Nham Hao

Nham Hao cave or Ngoc Cao cave is a newly discovered wet cave in Ninh Binh, considered to be one of the most beautiful caves in the North.

The cave has a length of about 3 km located under the mountain. Nham Hao cave is a newly discovered stone cave not long ago, still quite wild and mysterious.

The cave has many large caves estimated to be about 3 km deep in the mountains and has water so that for hundreds of years, people have not known its mystery.

Dong Chuong Lake

Dong Chuong lake – photo; traveltime.vn-min
Dong Chuong lake – photo; traveltime.vn

Dong Chuong Lake is a natural freshwater lake adjacent to Phu Loc and Phu Long communes, Nho Quan district. The lake has an area of ​​water.

 The scene of the lake is quite wild and quiet, surrounded by pine hills, reflecting the shadow creating a calm and dreamy space in the middle of the mountains and forests.

Near Dong Chuong lake, there is Ba Tua waterfall and Chin Suoi stream.

The lake is pine hill, and Heaven pond, a pond on the high elevation, has clear blue water but never runs out.

Since 2008, the Ninh Binh tourism industry has opened the Dong Chuong eco-tourism area here including many works: yacht area, entertainment area, stilt-house resort, sports area, camping. Foreign.

Yen Quang lake

Yen Quang lake – photo; nguyenhaidang
Yen Quang lake – photo; nguyenhaidang

Yen Quang Lake is a system of 4 large lakes named Lake 1, Lake 2, Lake 3, Lake 4 adjacent to each other separated by an irrigation dam system.

Three more mammoth lakes are located in Yen Quang commune. Particularly, lake four is situated in Van Phuong commune.

 Yen Quang Lake is a landscape in the buffer zone of Cuc Phuong National Park, in the middle of the lake is a small island, on which there is a temple and the lake surface is the convergence of many flocks of water birds.

On the clear blue lake, silhouettes of mountains, forests, and small fishing boats, the scenery is quite wild and quiet.

 Yen Quang Lake is also a fishing lake for Ninh Binh people and tourists.

Non- Nuoc Mountain

Non Nuoc mountain
Non Nuoc mountain

Non-Nuoc Mountain (the ancient name is Duc Thuy Son), is a mountain located right on the junction of Van River and Day River, sandwiched between 2 bridges Non-Nuoc and Ninh Binh.

The hill is an outpost located at the eastern gateway of Ninh Binh city. Entrance to Non-Nuoc peak through 72 stone steps, divided into five levels.

The mountain is relatively flat, green trees, very convenient to rest and entertain visitors.

Right at the foot of Non-Nuoc Mountain is Non-Nuoc Pagoda – an ancient pagoda built during the reign of King Ly Nhan Tong. In 2006, the pagoda was renovated more spacious but still kept the sacred spirit.

Ninh Binh Museum

Ninh Binh Museum is located in the south of Thuy Son Cultural Park, designed with three floors as a lotus rising in the middle of the green, the blue water, the four sides are decorated with a bronze drum symbol – a symbol of Vietnamese civilization.

The museum displays images and artifacts about the natural history, natural resources, and Ninh Binh history from the prehistoric period.

Collection of animated and diverse animals (bears, leopards, tigers, deer, deer, boar pythons, snakes, squirrels, butterflies, birds …) and images of famous landscapes in Ninh Binh proving Ninh Bình – A beautiful piece of land, beautifully painted with delicate water, abundant natural resources and particularly valuable nature conservation centers such as Cuc Phuong National Forest, Van Long Wetland Reserve …

Thien Ha Cave

hien Ha cave – photo; vietnamjourney
hien Ha cave – Photo; vietnamjourney

Thien Ha Cave is located in the range of General mountain with the height of nearly 200m which is part of the substantial natural wall surrounding and protecting the southwestern capital of the 10th century Hoa Lu, associated with historical places, culture such as Nha Le Boat Quay, Buddha Mountain, Dau Tieng Field, and Soldiers…

From Muong Tho Ha village, Son Ha commune, you get off the boat on a small canal about a kilometer in length between the countryside.

 Tourists continue to walk on the 500m long stone path along the foot of General mountain to reach the cave entrance.

The cave has a length of 700m, including a 200m dry cave and a 500m long water cave.

The shapes created by the mountain rocks are called as: this is the fox-hole, who is chasing the bait, the other is the Elephant’s ambush, the Tiger stalking its prey, the monkey climbing the tree … higher, there is worshiping with the image of Buddha.

The monk Tang Tang is chanting prayers for the disciples … all evoke curiosity and discovery of visitors

What and where to eat in Ninh Binh? MUST TRY FOOD in Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh burnt rice

Cơm cháy Ninh Bình – photo; pasgo-min
Cơm cháy Ninh Bình – photo; pasgo-min

The burnt rice dish is not a traditional dish of Ninh Binh people, but it was created and preserved by an ancient of Ninh Binh to date.

A rustic dish, showing the ingenuity of human hands, has been handed down for hundreds of years, becoming a specialty of the ancient capital, one of the famous delicacies of Ninh Binh.

Ninh Binh mountain goat meat

Goats meat in Ninh Binh m- photo; foody-min
Goats meat in Ninh Binh m- photo; foody-min

Ninh Binh mountain goat meat is characterized by toning, low fat, and aromatic taste.

 It is thought that this is because in Ninh Binh, many rocky mountains and goats are running so much muscle is firmer, less fat than goats grazing on hills.

 On the other hand, with the typical topography of the flooded limestone mountains, there are many kinds of vegetables make up the quality and taste of goat meat.

Some other local ingredients and specialties also contribute to the highlight of Ninh Binh goat dishes, including the accompanying vegetables featuring, Kim Son wine, Nho Quan wine, and Ninh Binh burnt rice.

Kim Son fish salad

Cac chuoi nuong Van Long – photo; baoqungninh-min
Cac chuoi nuong Van Long – photo; baoqungninh

Every two months in the rainy season is the season to go fishing. Miscellaneous fishes belong to the same family as eels, but they live in slightly salty water and live in brackish water.

The small fish weighs about 3-4 taels, the big one weighs up to the kilogram. The fish is slippery and fierce, so it is not easy to catch.

The salad here is served with a variety of vegetables, spices such as fig leaves, guava leaves, clove leaves, sesame leaf buds, apricot leaves, star fruit leaves, star fruit leaves.

They wrap these leaves into a funnel, fill the skewers with meat, sprinkle the water up, add a few grains of white salt, a few slices of onions and add fresh slices of chili and then wrap.

Ninh Binh mountain snail

Mountain Snal Ninh Binh – photo; dantri-min
Mountain Snal Ninh Binh – photo; dantri

This species of Ninh Binh mountain snail is scarce because it only lives in caves, it is not until the rainy season from April to August that the snail crawls out to find food and breed.

Mountain snails are found in most areas of Ninh Binh province but are concentrated in the karst ranges of Tam Diep, Yen Mo, and Nho Quan and Hoa Lu.

 Mountain snails are difficult to detect, people often have to get up early in the morning when snails crawl out of the cave to find food to catch.

 The meat of mountain snail is tough, crunchy, sweet, and smells of Chinese medicine.

Mountain snails can be processed into many dishes such as grilled, fried tamarind, steamed ginger, boiled exhaust, mixed onion salad … are very attractive.

Cuc Phuong Chicken

Cuc Phuong chicken has long become a specialty animal of Nho Quan district (Ninh Binh), which is raised in the Cuc Phuong mountainous region, with suitable climate and natural conditions, so the meat is delicious and delicious, very popular.

Tong Truong Perch

Tong Truong perch is the perch in the cave environment submerged in Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh.

Called the Total Truong perch because this species was discovered in the flooded cave area of ​​Truong Yen Total, now Trang An World Heritage Site in Hoa Lu District.

 Tong Truong perch has solid, yellow, fragrant meat and can be processed into many dishes such as roasted, fried, sour soup perch, or dried warehouse.

Pineapple Dong Giao

Dong Giao Pineapple in Ninh Binh – photo; doveco-min
Dong Giao Pineapple in Ninh Binh – photo; doveco

Pineapple Dong Giao is an agricultural trademark of the land of Tam Diep and Ninh Binh. Dong Giao pineapple appears in the book Top 50 most famous specialty fruits in Vietnam.

Dong Giao pineapple, along with Tong Truong perch, mountain goat, and Ninh Binh burnt rice, is considered typical culinary specialties of Ninh Binh.

To Nhu vermicelli

Moc To Ninh Binh – Photo; hotal84-min
Moc To Ninh Binh – Photo; hotal84

As the name implies, To Nhu vermicelli (Kim Son vermicelli) includes vermicelli, sprout, broth, and served with (raw vegetables) of To Nhu restaurant.

 To get a good bowl of noodles, the noodle maker must be meticulous from selecting milled rice, sieving, filtering, so that when processing white, soft, and round noodles.

Jobs grow even more sophisticated. The meat must be firm meat, filter out the tendon then grind, spice, member into small balls, drop into a pot of boiling water, after 7 to 10 minutes, the pellet has emerged on the pink, white water, and sweet fragrance spreads around.

Nho Quan sticky rice with ant’s eggs

Xoi is a popular dish with Vietnamese people, but not everyone knows the rare and unique ant egg sticky specialties of Nho Quan (Ninh Binh).

With rugged limestone terrain, Nho Quan often has many types of brown ants nesting on the top of the tree (there are places called asphyxiated ants, curved ants). ư

This breed has creamy and high-protein eggs. People have used this material skillfully to create an egg dish that is both delicious and nutritious.

Ant eggs after bringing will be put into warm water treat thoroughly, drain, marinade, and then fried with dry onions and chicken fat until just cooked and get up to the aromatic aroma.

 After that, the ant eggs are wrapped into the cooked banana leaf and then put in the sticky rice.

When the sticky aroma rises and faintly arises, open the package of yellow ant eggs of amber sprinkled with sprinkle evenly on it, gently dig with chopsticks and bake onto a hot plate.

Van Long grilled banana fish

Cac chuoi nuong Van Long – photo; baoqungninh-min
Cac chuoi nuong Van Long – photo; baoqungninh

A valuable specialty of Van Long lagoon first discovered in Ca cave. Van Long banana fish has a large, round body, living in submerged caves, so it has a characteristic shape

. Van Long grilled banana fish is a culinary specialty of the northern land of Gia Vien.

Eel vermicelli in Ninh Binh

Mien Luon Ninh Binh-min
Mien Luon Ninh Binh

Also only made from vermicelli and eel, but traditional heirloom vermicelli in Ninh Binh is outstandingly outstanding, different from other regions by the broth made from eel bones, so when you feel the rich taste, the broth is opaque due to the stew of eel very carefully, there is eel meat in it.

Eel meat is rimmed according to its recipe, so when eating eel, it is aromatic, fat, and sweet without any fishy smell.

The secret to making a unique brand for Ninh Binh eel vermicelli lies in the pot of broth.

 The delicious food must be cooked from the heel bone itself, after filtering the meat, the eel bone is not thrown away but put into the pot of broth, simmered with the bone of the bone for a long time.

Thanks to that, when the eel bowl is brought out, the food is dark brown, especially delicious.

Specialties of Ninh Binh

In addition to the delicious food in Ninh Binh that you can enjoy during the journey to explore the ancient capital, Ninh Binh also has many specialties that you can buy as gifts for family and friends.

 Yen Mac sour spring roll

Ninh Binh Adventure
Nem chua Ninh Binh

 Yen Mac sour spring roll is a specialty of Ninh Binh, created by the daughter of the high-ranking Pham Thi Duat, Pham Thi Thu, based on the sour spring rolls of Hue court in the Nguyen Dynasty. Yen Mac sour spring roll is best served with figs, apricot leaves, and clove leaves. All create an exceptional master. Whether eaten right or for a long time, when taking out spring rolls, it still leaves me in the pink color of pork.

Gia Vien shrimp paste

Gia Vien Ninh Binh shrimp paste is similar to other areas in the region with the primary raw material made from small fresh shrimp, with small shapes, round body in blue or red, and the best is still shrimp in Hoang Long river.

Products Gia Vien shrimp sauce red beautiful eyes, fragrant and salty-sweet characteristic of shrimp sauce.

 Gia Vien shrimp sauce has a moderate match, not too loose, sweet, and salty taste blended with eating, sharp flavor, tried once hard to forget.

Nho Quan wine

Nho Quan wine is a kind of wine not distilled in the fire. People use milled sticky rice (brown rice) cooked into rice mixed with yeast to incubate in pitcher or jars of clay for three months or more to drink.

When about to drink, pour water on the pitcher.

Whether wine is good or not is due to the quality of the yeast. Wine yeast should be the bark of ebony with the galangal, ginger, green guava leaves in a particular proportion, pounded and squeezed to get water and mixed with glutinous rice flour.

 Then squeeze small cake-like guava on the husk to inflate, allow to dry for about ten days to use.

Kim Sơn sticky rice wine

Can Nho Quan wine-min
Can Nho Quan wine

Kim Son wine is distilled from glutinous rice, traditional Chinese medicine, natural well water source, produced according to the secret of the people of craft villages in Kim Son.

Alcohol usually has a high concentration, transparency, the bigger the foam bubbles, the higher the alcohol level.

Previously, the wine was stored in earthen pots and dried banana leaf buttons. When drinking, it felt very fragrant and soothing.

Together with the migrant Kim Son, Kim Son wine has traveled to many areas of Vietnam. Kim Son wine is now bottled and marketed.

Hoang Long Sweet Potato

Hoang Long sweet potato is a specialty crop of Ninh Binh province in general and Nho Quan – Gia Vien region, which is located on Hoang Long river in particular.

Hoang Long Potato has friable flesh, pale yellow, fleshy, sweet, and has a characteristic aroma.

Some best itineraries for Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh Cooking cave
Ninh Binh beauty

Hanoi – Hoa Lu – Tam Coc – Bich Dong (1 day)

In the morning, at 8 am, from Hanoi, go straight to Ninh Binh, from here to Hoa Lu, visit the temples of Dinh and Le. Here strolling, sightseeing, and noon looking for a restaurant to rest for lunch, remember to enjoy the specialty of burnt goat meat.

After resting, continue from Hoa Lu to Hang Dance. Here, having fun taking photos of different styles, then move to the nearby Tam Coc Bich Dong area, make a tour to go all the way to Tam Coc Bich Dong. End of the journey, return to Hanoi.

Hanoi – Trang An – Bai Dinh – Hoa Lu (1 day)

In the morning, from Hanoi, depart for Ninh Binh. If you take the highway, it will only take you more than 1 hour to be in Ninh Binh City. From here, You will start to go to Trang An tourist area.

About 9 am start to explore Trang An by boat, depending on the schedule that you take about 2-3 hours to explore this place. After leaving Trang An, go to Hoa Lu Ancient Relics site, visit the temples of King Dinh and King Le. Lunch break at a particular restaurant.

Afternoon visiting Bai Dinh pagoda, this is a very famous temple complex in Vietnam with many confirmed records. End of the journey, you return to Hanoi.

Hanoi – Cuc Phuong – Bai Dinh – Trang An – Van Long (3 days 2 nights)

Day 1: Hanoi – Ninh Binh – Cuc Phuong

Morning departure from Hanoi, about 3 hours, will arrive at the gate of Cuc Phuong National Park, lunch at Cuc Phuong. We were visiting the Cuc Phuong forest, thousands of thousands of thousands of years long, landmarks along the way from the forest gate to the inside.

One night at Cuc Phuong

Day 2: Cuc Phuong – Bai Dinh – Hoa Lu – Trang An

In the morning, check out, have breakfast, then depart from Cuc Phuong to Bai Dinh pagoda, the pagoda has the most significant and most extensive scale. From Bai Dinh continue to move to the ancient capital Hoa Lu. After visiting the temples of King Dinh and King Le and discover the old wealth, you rest for lunch and continue to move to Trang An tourist area. Choose one of the two routes here, return to Ninh Binh City in the afternoon

Dinner and overnight in Ninh Binh City

Day 3: Ninh Binh – Van Long – Kenh Ga – Hanoi

In the morning, check out, from Ninh Binh city to Van Long lagoon. This is also one of the places where the filming of Kong: Skull Island takes place. Noon from Van Long, go straight to Kenh Ga hot spring to eat, rest and take a hot spring bath.

Afternoon departure to Hanoi.

Hanoi – Phat Diem Church – Trang An – Bai Dinh (2 days one night)

Day 1: Hanoi – Ninh Binh – Phat Diem – Thien Ha Cave

From Hanoi, start going straight to the Phat Diem stone church. This is a population of Catholic churches with unique and unique architecture, built mainly of stone and wood for a long time from 1875 to 1899.

Lunch break. Afternoon from Phat Diem to visit Thien Ha Cave. Although the cave is not large, because it is located in the mountain range of General, which is part of the substantial natural wall surrounding and protecting the citadel of Hoa Lu in the 10th century, Thien Ha cave is visited by many tourists to understand. More about the ancient capital.

Return to Ninh Binh City in the evening, rent a hotel in Ninh Binh City to rest, and remember to enjoy specialties of Ninh Binh

Day 2: Trang An – Hoa Lu – Bai Dinh – Hanoi

From Ninh Binh City move to Trang An tourist area, choose 1 of 2 routes to explore Trang An to go. After finishing the journey here, continue to Hoa Lu ancient capital to visit the temple of King Dinh and King Le.

Before returning to Hanoi, remember to visit Bai Dinh Pagoda, a new temple built with many Vietnamese records set.

If you have any questions about Ninh Binh, leave your comment below, I will make sure to answer all of your questions. If you need more information,  OR about Sapa, Ha Giang, Mu Cang Chai. Check out our other articles.

Looking for awesome guides to Travel in Vietnam, what to do, where to stay? Please check out our HmongTrip’s Travel Guides




Luka 29/02/2020 - 4:46 am

Amazing blog. Thank you for sharing

Giang A Sinh 01/03/2020 - 4:09 am

Thank you so much. Hope you enjoy the blog and your Ninh Binh

Giang A Sinh 05/08/2020 - 3:10 pm



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