Y Ty Vietnam-min

Y Ty, Vietnam: The Definitive Guide (A to Z)

by Giang A Sinh
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Y Ty is a border highland commune of Bat Xat district with a natural land area of ​​8654 ha and 11.94 km of border.

The whole commune has a total of nearly 800 households living in 16 villages with four ethnic groups (Mong, Ha Nhi, Dao, Kinh), of which the poverty rate is still high, accounting for 77.5%.

Located at an altitude of more than 2000m above sea level, Y Ty has a cold climate all year round and is much more extreme than other communes in Bat Xat district in winter.

The temperature in the winter here sometimes drops below 0ºC and is one of the places where young people hunt snow.

Y Ty is also the only place where many Ha Nhi people live, with unique cultural identities and Den Sang ancient forests, which are like “hanging forests” on the high Rocky Mountains.

Therefore, this is one of the attractive destinations for tourists and locals at home and abroad, especially young people who like to explore and conquer difficult and risky roads.

Y Ty has a typical subcontinent temperate climate suitable for medicinal plants and temperate fruit trees.

 In recent years, the Y Ty government and people have expanded the area of ​​production of medicinal plants to promote economic strengths.

Compared to traditional crops such as maize and rice, medicinal plants bring higher economic efficiency.

What is the best time to visit Y Ty Vietnam?

Y ty rice fields
Y ty rice fields – Y Ty Vietnam

Depending on your time, you can arrange to go to Y Ty at any time that suits you, but for a complete trip, you can refer to some suggested information. below as follows:

• Y Ty rattan hunting season is from September to April next year. You should pay attention to the weather, if it is cold (especially at night) but dry in the autumn style, you can hunt clouds.

• By the end of March and early April, azalea flowers will bloom in a colorful way, making Y Ty forest colorful.

• Next, around May 5-6 is the flooding season, at which time the fields in Y Ty are like pictures.

• If you like to participate in the biggest festival of Ha Nhi people of the year, you should come to the Old and Old festival on the first Dragon day of the sixth lunar month. Depending on the year, it may fall in the month of 7-8.

• Y Ty’s ripe rice season lasts from late August until the end of September, depending on the year. In recent years, Y Ty focused on ripe rice on the occasion of autumn festivals (about the following week of September 2).

• At the end of the winter in the year, Y Ty is most likely one of the possible snowy places with Sa Pa and Mau Son.

How to get from Hanoi to Y Ly Vietnam

Transportation From Hanoi to Lao Cai

From Hanoi to Lao Cai, you have two options to choose from, by train or by bus. The time from Hanoi to Lao Cai is about 8 hours with a train and about 5 hours with a car.

The bed bus ticket from Hanoi to Lao Cai of the passenger car company is 250k. The train ticket is 400k for soft sleeper berth in a 4 berth cabin. By car, the arrival time will be faster, but tell the truth is to Lao Cai soon there is nothing to do. You choose to take the train at 22:00, arrive in Lao Cai at about 6 am, and then have breakfast before departure is moderate.

Transportation From Lao Cai to Y Ty – Vietnam

Although only about 80km from Lao Cai (along Bat Xat – A Lu), the time to come to Y Ty is quite long, about 5-6 hours excluding the time of stopping along the road to admire and take pictures.

The most popular means of getting to Y Ty is rent a motorbike in Lao Cai or in Sa Pa.

If you do not want to rent a car, you can ultimately send a motorbike from Hanoi by train and pick up at Lao Cai. Furthermore, you can drive directly to Y Ty.

From Bat Xat to Y Ty Vietnam

The road to Y Ty in the direction of Bat Xat is currently quite beautiful compared to the previous time, but in the rainy season, often with landslides, flash floods can damage the road, so it will be quite hard to go to Y Ty on the right occasion. This.

Ideally, before going on a trip to Y Ty, you should monitor the weather forecast or view information about the landslide situation on the local information sites (such as Lao Cai newspaper) before deciding to go.

From Sapa to Y Ty – Vietnam

From Sapa, you follow O Quy Ho Pass to the junction with Lai Chau and Ban Xeo signs, then turn right to Ban Xeo (DT155 Road on Google Maps) about 20km.

Come here, there is a fork to Muong Hum market, remember to turn left to go to the market.

Through the Muong Hum market, there will be a sea to Y Ty, you go straight on DT158 about 30km, and you will reach Y Ty.

Guest Houses and Homestay in Y Ty Vietnam

Although not as developed as other locations, Y Ty now has relatively motels and homestays built by locals to serve tourists.

If there are no places to sleep in the crowded area, you can ask for the help of the border guard or bring a tent to sleep temporarily (however, need to bring a warm sleeping bag, the temperature of Y Ty is quite low at night).

The best places to visit in Y Ty Vietnam

The destinations in the article are arranged in the direction from Lao Cai City to Bat Xat and from here along the Red River to Lung Po and straight to Y Ty, rest here and the next day to Den Sang and Den. Thang and Muong Hum passed Sapa and returned to Lao Cai City.

Y Ty Vietnam – rice fields – Photo; Bao Ngoc Pham
Y Ty Vietnam – rice fields – Photo; Bao Ngoc Pham

Landmark 92 – Nga 3 Lung Po

This is a crossroads where the Nguyen Giang River (China) meets the Lung Po River in Vietnam, merges into each other, and flows into Vietnam with the name Red River.

This is also the place where the landmark 92 (including three monuments is 92 (1), 92 (2) and 92 (3) Vietnam-China border.

The historical set in Vietnam is the landmark 92 (1); the remaining two markers are placed. On the banks of the river in China.

Vietnam – China border markers

Along the route from Bat Xat to Y Ty, you can see many landmarks on the Chinese mainland Chinese borderline (section passing Lao Cai province).

If you are a fan of landmarks, you can see the information about the coordinates of the landmarks in the article Vietnam-China Border in Lao Cai to get more information for your Y Ty expedition.

A Lu

Y Ty House – Photo; Lee
Y Ty House – Photo; Lee

People in Bat Xat often say “Steep A Lu – Y Ty fog” to talk about the hard work when passing through A Lu.

This is one of the communes located on the border between Vietnam and China along the Lung Po stream, in Bat Xat district, Lao Cai.

 The road to A Lu will take you in turn through all levels of emotion because the change from asphalt to dirt or from a road suddenly found nowhere.

Like many highland communes of Bat Xat, A Lu terrain is sharply divided by high and low mountain ranges from southeast to northwest, transportation in the region is extremely difficult and challenging.

But this also brought A Lu a majestic natural beauty, spacious. The people of Mong, Dao, Ha Nhi, and Phu La are scattered on the back of the mountain, cultivating terraced fields everywhere.

In the season, looking down from A Lu from above, it seems like a painting.

Due to being located on an altitude of 700-1,000m above sea level, A Lu rice only transplants a crop.

Farmers have to collect each plot of land to grow food crops, cardamom, rice, where water is not lead, then sow upland rice.

These natural and human factors make A Lu glossy and adventurous destination, especially in the annual ripening rice season.

Ngai Thau

The road from A Lu to Ngai Thau can be considered one of the most beautiful roads in the journey to discover Y Ty in the ripe rice season.

 This is also one of the beautiful places that can hunt Y Ty rattan.

The Pa Valley

 The Pa valley is part of Y Ty commune with thousands of terraced and winding fields, stretching over 5km from Cho Chon Thong to Thien Sinh Bridge. This is a national monument has been recognized.

Terraced fields here are mainly cultivated by Ha Nhi and Mong people in Y Ty commune.

Y Ty market

Arnaud Foucard – Blue Hmong in Y Ty Vietnam
Arnaud Foucard – Blue Hmong in Y Ty Vietnam

Y Ty Fair usually takes place every Saturday, at this fair, there are many kinds of vegetables, tubers, fruits made by the ethnic minorities here.

This place is not only a place for exchanging goods but also an opportunity for the colonies boys, girls, people here dressed in their most beautiful costumes.

When going to the market, people often bring agricultural products for sale…. In addition to traditional agricultural products, Y Ty fair also has a lot of consumer goods, such as garments, housewares, plows, hoes, …

 Looking at the market, this is not just a picture of the unique and charming culture of the mountains.

Lao Than

Located at an altitude of 2,860m above sea level, the peak of Lao Than is considered as the roof of Y Ty, belonging to Phin Ho village, Y Ty commune, Bat Xat district, Lao Cai province. Lao Than peak with big mountains, pyramid-shaped shape rose above the cloud.

Lao Than is the most common name that locals here often refer to when pointed peaks or towering out of the sky.

According to the local language, “Lao” is two. “Than” is a mountain, that is, two layers of mountains.

With the magical scenery when the clouds and the sun and the wind and the sun blended spectacularly, this place was covered with clouds all year round, the sun had a short day to shine for 12 hours in a row.

Hong Ngai Village

Hong Ngai hamlet is the farthest village of Y Ty commune (about 20 km from the center of the municipality), at the end of Lao Cai border, located at an altitude of nearly 2,000 m above sea level.

 Hong Ngai land, north down to Lung Po stream, adjacent to China, has Thien Sinh bridge, the West is adjacent to Nam Xe commune, Phong Tho district (Lai Chau).

 The whole village has more than 50 households, with all of them Mong people.

 Although the remote village of Y Ty commune, Hong Ngai, people have a relatively good life because this is a village with a lot of cardamoms, a high-value agricultural product.

Lao Chai village

Lao Chai is the village with the most significant number of black Ha Nhi people living in Y Ty with 76 households and is also the most attractive destination in this place.

 The name “Lao Chai” itself means Han “original village” and “old village” because this is the first village with 100% of the black Ha Nhi people.

Lao Chai is also a unique village with architectural unity because the houses in the town are the same in the form, structure, architecture, use space, and the layout of the house.

 All are made in a wall-style manner, made of earth with two inner and outer rings. The house usually covers 40 – 45cm thick wall, in the core, is arranged with stones by fist, about 4.5 – 5m high.

The average area per house ranges from 65-80m2, with short slopes (4 roofs) covered with grass, without a porch.

The house has only one entrance in the middle and one or two additional vents on the left or the right of the access, looking as far as the archway.

Inside the second door is as thick as the outer wall, which has a protective effect.

After this door is the kitchen and the bed of the family head, this is considered to be a standard housing model for families living in a residential area, without the distinction of cowardice in housing architecture.

Sim San village

Sim San is a village 10km from the center of Y Ty commune. The whole town has about 100 households.

 The people’s lives depend mainly on rice and maize cultivation.

Because the terrain is located at an altitude of more than 2000m above sea level and the average temperature in the year 15oC to 20oC, only produce one crop a year, the people in this area have a lot of free time.

From the typical soil conditions, the Dao in Sim San village has distilled a very delicious wine and named the village to name the product, which is Sim San Wine.

Phan Can Su village

As one of the two highest villages in the Y Ty border area, about 6 km from the center of the commune, the access road has to pass quite a lot of slopes. From Phan Can Su, you can see the beautiful scenery of Y Ty.

Thien Sinh Bridge

Thien Sinh Bridge is located at the end of Lao Chai village, nearly ten kilometers from the center of Y Ty commune.

 According to the language of Ha Nhi ethnic group, the bridge is named Thien San Shù, meaning “heaven-born”.

The reason for this is because this is a special bridge, the bridge is only about 1m short.

 The former is a natural rock crossing the deep spring, which is the Lung Po stream roaring with white foam.

 Hundreds of thousands and thousands of years ago, through geological tectonic movement, huge rocks were cracked to form this rock.

This is also the border between Vietnam and China. Over time, the stone crossing the deep crevice gradually dwindled, people here had to build wooden bridges to build bridges and build concrete bridges like now.

 Standing on the deck to look down, the nervous people also feel dizzy, because under the deep rock is Lung Po stream, roaring day and night roaming the waves of water rushing into the rapids.

Looking up from the bottom, the cliff stood almost a hundred meters high, in the middle of the deep stream, like a disgusting horse, whining, leaping, “mane of waves” poured down.

The big and small rocks are polished by the smooth water of all shapes of layers and layers.

 Perhaps it is because of this grandeur that the stream is called Lung Po, ie, the Dragon Father, the sacred dragon in the upstream “Bat Xat waterfall.”

Kho Gia Gia Festival of the black Ha Nhi people

This is a festival of Ha Nhi Y Ty compatriots held for three days, starting on the first Dragon day of the sixth lunar month every year.

 The festival shows the characteristic of worshiping agricultural god, forest god, water god, soil god of the Ha Nhi community, praying for good harvests, breeding development, healthy people, warm life no.

Kho Gia Gia Festival is considered to be the oldest and largest seasonal festival of the Ha Nhi people in Bat Xat district.

The villagers began to hold rituals and festivals in the evening. According to the legend of the Ha Nhi people, the deities in the sky came down to earth to play the seesaw and swing.

From then on to the festival of Khoa Gia Gia. The Ha Nhi people made a new swing and seesaw. First, to create places of worship later to the people for recreation.

The Kho Gia Gia Festival begins with an essential ritual of sacrificing sacrificial buffaloes.

After this ritual, buffalo meat will be divided equally for families in the village to take home for ancestor worship, may the ancestors protect the family and the descendants for a year.

 Next, the owners of the family put offerings on the tray. The procession took them from the house to the forest, held a communal ceremony of the village, expressed their respect and gratitude to the gods, always following close to life and protect and bless the villagers. Ha Nhi women will also show their ingenuity with the delicious thick cakes.

Den Sang

Buffalo and house – Y Ty Vietnam – Photo; Lee
Buffalo and house – Y Ty Vietnam – Photo; Lee

About 10km away from Y Ty commune, if looking at the nursery, the terraced fields here are the most golden in Lao Cai province, according to the locals here, the field is transplanted with local rice varieties, so the color is very yellow.

Den Sang terraces are easy to see and take pictures because they are located right on the road to Y Ty, where people are very hospitable and ready to model for tourists to take pictures.

Muong Hum Market

Muong Hum Market is located in the center of Muong Hum commune, Bat Xat district, meeting on Sundays weekly.

 On the day of the fair, the influx of people from the highland villages of Muong Vi, Den Sang, Y Ty … flocked to the market like going to a festival.

 People here walk, go horse, carry goods to the market to exchange, buy, and sell. Many people wear colorful costumes of their ethnicity.

Coming to Muong Hum market, visitors will enjoy the specialties of the people of the Mong, Dao, Giay ethnic groups …, especially the silver jewelry made by local Dao people bringing to the market for sale.

Restaurants in Y Ty

Note that before coming to Y Ty you should call the restaurant from the previous day so that the next morning they will go to the market and prepare food. Like other northwestern highlands, to Y Ty, you can enjoy armpits, running chickens, cat vegetables … these are delicious and easy to eat for everyone.

• Ms. Le’s restaurant – 0844 413 718

• Vong Hang Restaurant – 0214 350 1299

• Hong Hoa Restaurant – 0912 365685

• Yen The Restaurant – 0327 663 338

• Minh Thuong Restaurant – 0916 729 534

• Minh Hang Restaurant – 0855 488 428

Y Ty upland specialties

Y Ty mushroom

When the first rains appeared to erase the cold days, to catch a new summer began, this is also the time when forest mushrooms began in the season.

In Y Ty, this season (April-May) is the most popular with shiitakes, sometimes with oyster mushrooms, pine mushrooms, or some other mushrooms.

According to the experience of the people here, after each rain of mushrooms grows again, that’s when people invite each other to the forest to find mushrooms.

If at this time you are hunting Y Ty rattan, pay attention to the roadside stalls of your people, it is easy to buy a few very delicious forest mushrooms.

Ha Nhi Beer

In Lao Cai, there is another ethnic group that produces especially delicious traditional craft beer, which is the Ha Nhi ethnic group of Bat Yat commune “Y Ty”.

When coming to Ha Nhi people, we will see that every family knows how to brew beer and brew. Beer to use for holidays, Tet.

Ha Nhi’s beer is made from glutinous rice. The beer brewing stage is sophisticated and unique.

To get a good jar of beer, a specific aroma, the most important thing is to choose a type of glutinous rice that is exposed to the sun, seeds, and fragrant.

Glutinous rice is treated clean, soaked in water for 1 hour, and then brought to sticky rice. When sticky rice is cooked, people spread it out and let it cool.

For each glutinous rice seeds to be absorbed, people use boiling water to cool and spread on the sticky rice for each grain to cover, not sticking together.

Apart from rice, yeast is also an essential factor in making good beer. Yeast for brewing beer is handmade from the seeds of the forest tree, crushed and mixed with glutinous rice flour and kept in straw.

After the sticky rice cools, the men mix well and put the sticky rice into the porcelain, sealed.

 After three days, the sticky rice will ferment, secrete the water, the female floats up, and the lower part is the juice.

 Ivory white sauce has a pleasant aroma and sweet taste. At this time, we will add boiling water to cool in the jar and continue to brew. Enough 15 days will produce beer.

Every 10 kg of glutinous rice will give about 7 liters of beer. The longer you brew, the beer will turn from white to yellow and taste better.

Ha Sin Co seed

Known as Ha Sin Co or Hoang Sin Co by the people, this bulb has an outer shape very similar to a sweet potato, but the inside is light yellow, lots of water, crunchy, lightly sweet, cool bar. Tubers can be eaten raw after peeled.

Best itineraries to go to Y Ty Vietnam

Landscaper in Y TY Lao Cai – Photo; LONG NGUYEN
Landscaper in Y TY Lao Cai – Photo; LONG NGUYEN

Summary of several Y Ty expedition schedules, which can be combined with some other famous tourist attractions nearby to combine into a long-term schedule. You refer and adjust more to suit your plan.

Itinerary: Two days three nightsY Ty backpackers

Day 1: On Friday night, take a bus to sleep in Lao Cai

Day 2: Lao Cai – Bat Xat (11km) – Trinh Tuong (26km) – Lung Po (19km) – A Mú Sung (7km) – A Lu (7km) – Ngai Thau (5km) – Y Ty (7km)

This 2nd day will take approximately one day for the 80km distance, the places that can stop include the landmark 92 – where the Red River starts flowing into Vietnam, the road from A Lu to Y Ty in the rice season will be beautiful. Thien Sinh Bridge (landmark 87) connects with China, if early in the afternoon, you can follow in some villages such as Sin Chai, Lao Chai or further to Hong Ngai.

Day 3: There are 2 options: return to Sa Pa or go to Ban Xeo street to Bat Xat and then return to Lao Cai City

Option 1: Y Ty – Den Sang (29km) (or Den Thang, every road goes to Muong Hum) – Muong Hum (10km) – Sa Pa (42km)

If you return to Sapa, you can stay one more day to travel to Sapa or play in Sapa for a few hours and then get on the bus to Hanoi. Remember to visit the most beautiful cafe in Sapa.

Option 2: Y Ty – Den Sang (29km) (or Den Thang, every road goes to Muong Hum) – Muong Hum (10km) – Ban Vuoc – Bat Xat – Lao Cai

This 3rd day will go along the ancient forest in Y Ty, which is the road from Y Ty to Muong Hum, if going on Sunday will be the right market of Muong Hum

Best Trip for Y Ty Vietnam: Hanoi – Y Ty – Mu Cang Chai – Hanoi

Day 1: On Friday night, take a bus to sleep in Lao Cai. Booking tickets in advance and departing from My Dinh, you can also choose to go by train but the time will take longer than cars (8 hours by train and about 4-5 hours by car)

Day 2: Lao Cai – Bat Xat (11km) – Trinh Tuong (26km) – Lung Po (19km) – A Mú Sung (7km) – A Lu (7km) – Ngai Thau (5km) – Y Ty (7km)

This 2nd day will take approximately one day for the 80km distance, the places that can stop include the landmark 92 – where the Red River starts flowing into Vietnam, the road from A Lu to Y Ty in the rice season will be beautiful. Thien Sinh bridge (landmark 87) connecting with China, if early in the afternoon, you can follow in some villages such as Sin Chai, Lao Chai or farther to Hong Ngai (9km from Y Ty commune)

Day 3: Y Ty – Den Sang (29km) (or Den Thang, every road goes to Muong Hum) – Muong Hum (10km) – O Quy Ho (35km) – Than Uyen (90km) – Mu Cang Chai (50km)

On Sunday, you can attend the Muong Hum fair, go through one of the four great peaks of the Northwest Pass, O Quy Ho, and stop at the landscape of Mu Cang Chai terraced fields.

Day 4: Mu Cang Chai – Pass of Khau Pha – Tu Le – Nghia Lo – Thanh Son – Son Tay – Hanoi

At the end of the journey, you will conquer the second pass of the four great peaks of the Northwest Pass, the Khau Pha Pass, to watch the terraced fields on Tu Le field and then return to Hanoi.

Itinerary for Y Ty Vietnam: Hanoi – Bac Ha – Sa Pa – Y Ty

This schedule is suitable around September as the ripe rice season in Y Ty, Sa Pa. With this schedule, you need to bring a motorbike from Hanoi, run by motorbike one way, and send motorbike on the train one way.

Day 1: Hanoi – Bac Ha

Bac Ha is about 300km from Hanoi, departing from Hanoi along National Road 70 to Bac Ngam, then turn to route 153 to Bac Ha. Should depart from Hanoi early in the morning to come to Bac Ha is not too late. The first day should go on Saturday to hang out in Bac Ha fair on Sunday morning.

Day 2: Bac Ha – Sapa

In the morning, go to Bac Ha fair, visit Hoang A Tuong palace, go to some areas with plum blossom, peach blossom, triangle … this depends on the season.

About noon depart from Bac Ha to Lao Cai and then back to Sapa. Depending on the itinerary, you may stay in Sapa for 1 or 2 days. Sa Pa at night

Day 3: Sapa – Muong Hum – Y Ty

In the morning, drink coffee in Sapa and depart from Sa Pa, follow O Quy Ho direction to Muong Hum, and from here to Y Ty. If this day three on Sunday, you have the opportunity to attend Muong Hum fair.

Y Ty sleeps at night.

Day 4: Y Ty – A Lu – Bat Xat – Lao Cai

This last day runs along one of the most beautiful terraces in Y Ty, going back to Bat Xat, on the way to Lung Po and landmark 92, where the Red River flows into Vietnam.

Go to Lao Cai to buy train tickets and send motorcycles to Hanoi

Tips for traveling to Y Ty Vietnam.

• Regularly monitor the weather forecast before a trip. In the rainy season, the road on the Northwest in general and Y Ty in particular is very prone to landslides. You need to know in advance to choose a safe direction.

• Prepare a pair of boots or slippers, many sections have to go through the spillway and if you do not want to wet shoes, bring one of the two to change as needed.

• Because Y Ty is a border commune, there will be several posts and border stations along the way to stop to enjoy sightseeing with a station or station. You should also report to the border guards. A sentence for you to know.

• When renting a car in Sa Pa, the service often requires you to leave your ID card, if you have a notarized copy or passport, you should bring it there, and your ID card should be kept in person to report to the border room.

• A few beautiful locations to take pictures: From Y Ty running back to Ngai Thau about 4km with the way to the high mountain. From here on, the clouds are beautiful. When you are up the slope, let the car continue up the hill nearby, you will see the sea of ​​clouds on the other side of the mountain.

If you have any questions about the Y Ty, leave your comment below, I will make sure to answer all of your questions. If you need more information,  check out our other articles.

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